TheSkywaves


GB7CIP Amateur Radio International Gateway.

Mail forwarding over AX25, NetRom, IP and SMTP  via HF PACTOR over
Amateur Radio Short Wave bands, VHF, UHF, amprnet wireless and internet links.

G4APL MaintainedUK AX25 BBS Listings 
G4APL MaintainedGB7CIP Forwarding (pdf)

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PACTOR

GB7CIP located in IO91WH.
Is an International HF PACTOR, TCP/IP,  AX25 BBS Wireless and Internet Mail 
Live real-time Gateway to the Local Amateur Radio Community in England.
Providing Amateur Radio Mail/Bulletin Local and Oversea forwarding service.

This has now been enhanced to include PACTOR 1, 2, 3 Gateway operating on the LF/HF Amateur Radio Shortwave bands.

So far separate HF multiple dipole aerials, 3 element Mosley Mustang HF beam and a 5 band HF Vertical have been added to the 'SKYWAVES' aerial farm for PACTOR use
.
Two of these are connected and automatically selected by the HF PACTOR system. Leaving the other for Short Wave DX use.

The HF 3 element beam direction is now automatically controlled by the Linfbb BBS forwarding PACTOR interface.

The main PACTOR HF Radio is a KENWOOD TS-480SAT and power is supplied via
MY-DEL MP-304-MKII 30AMP PSU Donated by Martin G4HKS MLS

This facility will allow access to the GB7CIP Amateur Radio GBR Mail and Bulletin server via the Short Wave Amateur Radio bands. In addition to VHF UHF and TELNET via Wireless amprnet (AMateurPacketRadioNETwork) and also the Internet.

Gateway facilities from HF to VHF is available via the GB7CIP LINFBB 'G' gateway command.
Enter GWAY  BBS command when connected to the GB7CIP BBS for details.

There is also a simple FBB Convers 'C' command.
Where PACTOR Users can liaise, chat to G4APL Paul if he is around and notices you connected to the FBB Convers server.
Stay logged to the FBB Convers for five minutes to give Paul a chance to login to the FBB convers server.

Some background
PacTOR (Packet Teleprinting On Radio) has combined the best features of both AMTOR (AMateur Teleprinting Over Radio) and Packet to improve the efficiency of HF digital communications. Like Packet and AMTOR, PACTOR sends error free data using a handshaking method.

By convention PACTOR uses USB (Upper Side Band) at GB7CIP with high low frequency tones set to
MARK 1600Hz
SPACE 1400Hz

Note - If your Data Controller is not set to the above tones. To find YOUR dial frequency on PACTOR
on LSB: CF + CFT
on USB: CF - CFT

You could use Win's PA0NC NcWinPTC to drive these
Multi-Data Controllers. Add configurations to the .ini file


KAM XL
If you have a KAM XL there is a default tone pair that are configurable
that have been encountered.
USB
High 2295hz (default)  adjustable 50-4000hz)
Low  2125hz (default)  adjustable 50-4000hz)

So for USB Frequencies
MARK 14094.000 - 2295hz
DIAL=14091.705 kHz

MFJ2178B
If you have a MFJ1278B there are two different tone pairs
that have been encountered.
The lower pair are according to an old handbook
USB
High 2295hz
Low 2115hz

So for USB Frequencies
MARK 14094.000 - 2295hz
DIAL=14091.705 kHz
or
The higher pair are according to an MFJ1278 that G4APL connected to.
High 2310hz
Low 2110hz

So for USB Frequencies
MARK 14094.000 - 2295hz
DIAL=14091.690 kHz

PK232MBX
If you have a PK232MBX the tones are according to the handbook
High 2435hz
Low 1985hz

So for USB Frequencies
MARK 14094.000 - 2435hz
DIAL=14091.565 kHz

MARK 21008.000 - 2435hz
DIAL=21095.565 kHz

MARK 21112.000 - 2435hz
DIAL=21109.565.565 kHz

G4APL still has to carry out tests with a PK232MBX partner
Centre Frequency Tones (CFT) of your particular tnc/controller is the lowest + highest tone divided by two or the mean of mark and space tones, e.g. the CFT of a US PK232 is 2210 Hz.

The CFT of all SCS controllers is software controlled.
On Pactor-2 a CFT 2000 Hz may be considered. It allows instant switching between USB and LSB and a read-out frequency of - 2 kHz or + 2 kHz respectively.

On Pactor-3 the CFT is fixed to 1500 Hz, USB only.

PACTOR1 300bd FSK 200Hz shift

PACTOR2 300bd effective test throughput 3 to 4 times faster than PACTOR1
With very good propagation conditions this can increase to 4 to 6 times.
Maximum speed of 140 characters per second can be achieved.
bandwidth 450Hz

PACTOR3 under average conditions 3 to 4 times faster than PACTOR2
in good conditions can exceed 5 times.
Maximum throughout
uncompressed 2700 Bits per second (approx 270 Chars)
compressed 5200 Bits per second (approx 520 Chars)
bandwidth 2000Hz

The PACTOR system only supports a single one to one connection.
July 2005. Paul had been loaned a SCS PTCII PACTOR controller to enable further experimenting to be carried out. Yes there has been a high learning curve and some hair pulling to identify and diagnose problems. The lack of scanning was eventually traced to a bug in the xfbb 7.04j server software.

Turned out to be a known problem (Dec 2003). Modified the source code and recompiled the program.

In November 2005 Paul Installed a SCS PTCII Pro PACTOR controller.

Frequency scanning now working as of 18 November 2005 of the 10, 20 and 40 Metre 'Mark' frequencies listed below. Paul looks forward to any testing feedback from HF PACTOR users and adding new international forwarding partners.

Configuration used by GB7CIP can be viewed by selecting the PACTOR GB7CIP Tab

ARQ MODES HamSpots
For current active digital stations looking for one to one contacts using AMTOR PACKET PACTOR etc.
refer to the ARQ MODES website
Monitor CQ's on 14111.1kHz and 14109.1kHz(default calling) Mark Frequencies (Dial 14109.5kHz and 14107.5kHz)
Note:
G4APL also uses his KENWOOD TS2000e with a SCS PTCIIex (For PACTOR, Robust 600bd Packet) or
backup KENWOOD TS-480SAT with another SCS PTCII Pro (PACTOR)  for one to one QSO's.

You can access these frequencies from the GB7CIP BBS  Gateway  G command.
PACTOR 14080.1 one to one chat QSO MARK QRG
14109.1 one to one chat QSO MARK QRG dial -1.6KHz USB 14.107.5
14111.1 one to one chat QSO MARK QRG
14113.1 one to one chat QSO MARK QRG

18113.1 one to one chat QSO MARK QRG

21080.0 one to one chat QSO MARK QRG
21111.1 one to one chat QSG MARK QRG

28313.1 one to one Chat QSO MARK QRG
28130.0 one to one Chat QSO MARK QRG

If you want to test your Radio and Pactor Controller interface. You could connect to one of the GB7CIP LinFBB  frequecies being scanned in the listing below.  Remember GB7CIP operates in Full Duplex automatic change over.

 
PACTOR Frequencies being scanned within IARU Region 1 Data Band Plan

Band Band changes from 1.1.2006
MODE USB Upper Side Band based on tone pair 1400Hz 1600Hz
refer to comments above. User Access and Forwarding available.
Further adjustment to scanned frequencies to enable GB7CIP to be compatible with the European PACTOR Data user and forwarding network as detailed below.

NOTE: 2009 IARU Region 1 Band 40 Metre Plan Changes
for unattended Automatically Controlled Data Stations
Effective from 29 March 2009

Data Mode Allocation according to the New 7MHz band plans published
old frequencies
7038.000 - 7040 000kHz     500hz   Narrow band mode Automatically Controlled Data Stations unattended
7040.000 - 7043.000kHz     2.7kHz All Mode Automatically Controlled Data Stations

New Frequencies moved up 10kHz.
7MHz
7047.000 - 7050 000kHz     500hz   Narrow band mode Automatically Controlled Data Stations unattended
7050.000 - 7053.000kHz     2.7kHz All Mode Automatically Controlled Data Stations


GB7CIP updated frequency scanning schedule commencing 28 minutes past the hour
             is also part of the USA SKIPNET HF Amateur Radio Forwarding links

HF Band Primary Secondary Secondary Mode
40 Metres 7051.50kHz MARK_QRG
7049.90kHz Dial Freq
    Pactor
1,2,3
40 Metres 7050.00kHz MARK_QRG
7048.40kHz Dial Freq
7049.60kHz MARK_QRG
7050.00kHz Dial Freq
7048.00kHz MARK_QRG
7046.40kHz Dial Freq
Pactor
1, 2
20 Metres 14110.50kHz MARK_QRG
14108.90kHz Dial Freq
14107.50kHz MARK_QRG
14105.90kHz Dial Freq
14107.00kHz MARK_QRG
14105.40kHz Dial Freq
Pactor
1,2,3
20 Metres 14094.00kHz MARK_QRG
14092.40kHz Dial Freq
14098.00kHz MARK_QRG
14096.40kHz Dial Freq

14096.00kHz MARK_QRG
14094.40kHz Dial Freq

14093.50kHz MARK_QRG
14091.90kHz Dial Freq
14097.50kHz MARK_QRG
14095.90kHz Dial Freq

14094.60kHz MARK_QRG
14095.00kHz Dial Freq

14091.60kHz MARK_QRG
14090.00kHz Dial Freq
Pactor
1, 2
 
Pactor
1, 2

Pactor
1,2
15 Metres 21112.00kHz MARK_QRG
21110.40kHz Dial Freq
    Pactor
1,2,3
15 Metres 21098.00kHz MARK_QRG
21096.40kHz Dial Freq
21098.60kHz MARK_QRG
21097.00kHz Dial Freq
21096.60kHz MARK_QRG
21095.00kHz Dial Freq
Pactor
1,2

10 Metres
28306.00kHz MARK_QRG
28304.40kHz Dial Freq
28130.00kHz MARK_QRG
28128.40kHz Dial Freq
  Pactor
1,2,3


The system is now operational and automatic scanning of the above frequencies for connections.
HF times can be adjusted overnight when HF propagation is available.
Forwarding cycle commences 28 Minutes past the hour.
40 Metres 24 hours
20 Metres 00:00-23:59 UTC (24 Hours)
15 Metres 07:00-20:59 UTC (Later if band conditions change as the Solar Cycle improves)
10 Metres 08:30-16:30 UTC (Later if band conditions change)

31 May 2005
Formal Application Submitted to the Radio Society of Great Britain
(RSGB) Data Communications Committee (DCC)
31 May 2005
RSGB Confirmed receipt of application. Being forwarded to DCC.

27 June 2005 DCC confirmed NOV issued. My thanks to the RSGB/DCC for the quick processing of the Licence NOV application

November 2015 RSGB ETCC and Ofcom renewed all NOV's (Notice of Variation) to G4APL Amateur Radio transmitting licence to allow 24x7 unattended operations on the above listed Amateur Radio Frequencies..
My thanks for ETCC G8SFR and Ofcom for processing all the applications
SysOp reminder - Ofcom NOV's Renewal due in October 2018.

Bulletins accepted at GB7CIP
PLEASE DO NOT USE G * in your GB7CIP forward file.
Add the following distributions into your FBB GB7CIP Forward Files
G AMSAT
G AR*L
G EU*
G FRA
G GBR
G GBR.EU*
G IRL
G NASA
G NOR
G NOR.EU*
G NORD
G SCA
G WW*


All Personal Message forwarding is based on H Hierarchical address selection.
Distribution around the United Kingdom
H *.GBR.EU*
H *.IRL.EU*

The UK can be split into two if there are more that two forwarding
partners into the UK
South and West UK (Including GB7CIP)
H *.#3*.GBR.EU*
H *.#4*.GBR.EU

Midlands, North UK and Scotland
H *.#1*.GBR.EU*
H *.#2*.GBR.EU*
H *.#5*.GBR.EU*
H *.#6*.GBR.EU*
H *.#7*.GBR.EU*

You can also send emails to ampr.org amprnet addresses
H *.ampr.org

Current GB7CIP PACTOR partners.
DB0ZAV, F3KT, IK0MIL, IR0UGN, N9LYA, N0XR, OK0PBR
UA6ADV, UT1HZM

**  F2PY (SK 21.2.2011 Rest In Peace my PACTOR Friend) **
** TA4BC SysOP TA4BBS (SK 1.4.2013 Rest in Peace my PACTOR Friend) **
** VK2AAB Closed down 8.7.2013 - Many thanks Barry for being a PACTOR Forwarding Partner.
 for the past eight years  Enjoy the next stage in your Retirement **
** TA2BBS off air until further notice 1.1.2017 **

G4APL is always looking for new HF PACTOR forwarding partners to other parts of the world. 
As an alternative to the local Internet connection which does fail from time to time.
Due to bandwidth changes causing the local ADSL router occasionally not to automatically re-synch correctly.

For full GB7CIP AX25 Personal mail and Bulletin forwarding list. Please refer to the
GB7CIP FBB forwarding routes Personal Mail in PDF format. Link on the Home Page.

Using the HAM version of Airmail to access GB7CIP PACTOR BBS

Airmail Home Page for the Installation instructions
Go to the download the Airmail 3 for Ham Users

G4APL Paul has had a look at this application as
there are currently a couple of users that use this to access their messages
and bulletins.

This has been installed on a Win7 Pro laptop connected to an SCS PTCiiex Data Controller.

Later Paul will be testing this with his PK232MBX data controller.

The configuration details he used are shown below

Data Controllers Currently Supported at the time of writing these notes
KAM+
KAM98
KAMXL
PK232
PK900
DSP1232
DSP2232
MFJ1276
MFJ1278B
DXP38
PTC1
SCS PTC PACTOR controllers

Installation and Configuration
After following the installation Instructions.

Setup Wizard
Selecting and clicking on the Airmail icon
The Set-up Wizard pops up
<NEXT>
Enter your Amateur Radio Callsign
<NEXT>
Enter your Latitude and Longitude
e.g. London would be Lat 51.02.00N Long 000.01.00W
<NEXT>
Select you Data Controller type
Select Com Port
Baud rate of the serial Speed between PC and Data Controller
<NEXT>
Is your Radio Connected for Remote Control
Y or N

IF the above answer was Y (as in G4APL's Case)
Radio Type Kenwood (as in G4APL's Case)
The Radio Control cable is connect to
HF MODEM Transceiver Control Port
or Computer Port
Baud Rate 4800bd

If you Selected N

<NEXT>
<FINISHED>
Under TOOLS
Options Routing

G4APL added a new default Entry and renamed the previous one Winlink
Received Via Address to Post Via Comment
User Default GB7CIP Default AX25
<OK>

Now select
Options (Airmail Options)
Connections
Settings
Radio Forwarding
tick Receive Before Sending
Forwarding Protocol FBB Binary Level 2 (B2F)
Folders
Auto Answer
Untick Incoming Connect ( was you would be polling GB7CIP
Home BBS GB7CIP.#32.GBR.EURO
ZIP CODE enter your QRA Locate Code e.g. IO91WM

Routing will be using the NEXUS Pseudo Callsign
Post via GB7CIP

Example Sending a Packet Message
To send a message to Paul G4APL
Select New Mail
This will automatically Create a record in the address book
Name Paul
To g4apl@gb7cip.#32.gbr.euro
Email Gate NEXUX
Post via GB7CIP
Subject
Message text
<OK>

Sending the message
Tune your radio to one of
GB7CIP LH/HF PACTOR frequencies. Listed under the PACTOR Tab

Select Terminal ICON GLOBE (Far Right)
[GB7CIP] [ Look up GB7CIP PACTOR Frequency List)
Select the Green Icon to start transmitting

Note You need to have contacted Paul G4APL
to set up your User account first on the GB7CIP BBS
for the forwarding to work.

Paul is still learning and testing Airmail
updated 17 December 2013

Using Outpost Packet Message Manager and SCS PTC-IIex PTC-IIPro
to connect to HF PACTOR BBS GB7CIP

OPMM Support website

G4APL got this working with his Win7 Pro Laptop
connected via a USB/Serial Adaptor connected to his SCS PTC-IIex
The same configuration file could be used for and SCS-PTCIipro.

This file could be used as a basis to configure for Packet or AMTOR BBS's

The configuration file is basically the same that is for by
GB7CIP LinFBB PACTOR interface.


' G4APL Outpost TNC Initialisation Script for SCS PTC-IIex
'updated 18.11.2013 19:52 G4APL
Cut and Paste the following into the Left Hand Panel of TNC Initialisation Script
MYCALL CA1LL (Replace CA1LL with your licenced Callsign)
MYSELC CALL (Replace CALL with your Selcall)
PT
APO 0
PDUPLEX 0
BOX 0
REMOTE 0
MAIL 0
CMSG 0
BR 5
MODE 2
AQRG 1
ARX 1
BC 0
BELL 1
CHOB 1
CSD 5
CWID 0 3
CWSPEED 160
CWWEIGHT 50
EQU 0
FSKA 60
PSKA 140
MAXD 6
MAXE 70
MAXSUM 30
MAXT 2
MAXU 4
PDT 12
STATUS 1
SERBAUD 57600
TXD 5
TR 0
TONES 4
LISTEN 0
MYLEVEL 3
TRX OFF -1.600
TRX DW 40

In the Right Hand panel
RESTART

then <SAVE> the settings


BBS Commands
Using
LB will cause GB7CIP to send over a thousand
Bulletin list. OUTPOST appears not to keep a record
of the Last Bulletin Message Listed. Which is a Shame.

L will list all new Bulletins and Messages since you last connect
to the BBS and logged off with the B(ye) Command, which resets the
last counter.

To get round this Paul changed the
List Bulletin command from LB to L

<Apply>
Feedback
It would appear that OUTPOST Packet Message Manager does not download
the AX25 BBS Bulletins as a List Index. Thus allowing the Operator to select
the required Bulletins to read.  Saving time and HF Bandwidth.

Outpost does allow downloading selected Categories.

Testing continues

Winpac HF PACTOR Connection to GB7CIP
VK2NA  has tested The Winpac Application
driving a SCS PTCIIpro Multi-communication
data controller. Can also be used with the SCS PTCiiex.

He has been connecting to GB7CIP HF PACTOR BBS and Gateway via the long and short
paths on 21MHz.

More configuration details will be added here in due course.
Updated 9.10.2017